Becoming a Game Warden

Whether with state agencies or the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, wildlife officers represent a small and elite group. Becoming a game warden doesn’t come easy.

Most states make do with a very limited number of wardens covering a great deal of territory—Nevada, for example, employs only 35 wardens to cover 110,000 square miles. At the federal level, the 2013 budget sequestration deal has hit hiring at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service hard. With an estimated 15 percent cut in the agency’s law enforcement budget, around 200 jobs at national wildlife refuges have hit the chopping block. The agency employs only 216 special agents, a number that has not increased from its 1978 level. And more big budget cuts may be in the pipeline.

Yet at the same time, the position is incredibly popular among young sportsmen aspiring to the role and law enforcement professionals looking for a change of scenery. States are swamped with applications just to get on eligibility lists for open positions. In 2014, the Texas Park and Wildlife Department received 904 applications for 19 open positions at the state’s game warden academy. It’s easier to get into Harvard than to become a Texas game warden.

In this environment, agencies can and do demand highly qualified candidates, so any mistakes during the selection process means you’re out of the candidate pool. Successful candidates pay attention to every detail and don’t miss a step. Usually, they exceed the minimum requirements by a comfortable margin and make sure they stand out from the crowd.

Education and Experience Requirements

The exact education and experience requirements will differ somewhat based on the hiring agency. But most require some form of higher education and almost all value either on-the-job or voluntary experience in a related field.

A College Education Is The Best Preparation

Although a surprising number of game warden jobs do not require anything more than a high school education in theory, in practice the stiff competition for the few open positions means that most applicants will want to prepare by getting a bachelor’s degree in one of the following fields:

  • Wildlife and/or Natural Resource Conservation
  • Wildlife Ecology
  • Biological Science (Specifically Wildlife Biology)
  • Environmental Science
  • Fish and Wildlife Management
  • Criminal justice

Different warden positions can have different focuses that make one or the other of these degrees more desirable. In some states, such as Pennsylvania, Conservation Officers with the Game or Fish and Boating Commission have duties that place a heavy emphasis on environmental and ecological concerns. Degrees in fish and wildlife management or other sciences may be the best preparation for those roles.

In other states, such as Alaska, the job has more of a law enforcement component. Alaska Wildlife Troopers are part of the state troopers, and can even transfer back and forth between the divisions. A criminal justice degree is a better ticket toward hiring and advancement in that organization than one in environmental science.

But those guidelines can be flexible even within agencies. Different roles have to be staffed encompassing the full spectrum of warden duties. In the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), for example:

  • Federal Wildlife Officers (FWO) work in a dual law enforcement-public safety capacity similar to that of game wardens in state agencies, doing everything from environmental education and interpretation to enforcing conservation laws. In a role that involves everything from law enforcement to public safety to conservation, either criminal justice or natural resource conservation degrees would be useful.
  • Special Agents with the USFWS undertake the sort of investigative work that any FBI agent would be familiar with—undercover investigation, data analysis, suspect and witness interviews, making raids—all activities that a law enforcement degree will prepare them for.
  • But USFWS Wildlife Inspectors, who process wildlife imports and exports and animals in transit between countries, need more knowledge of individual species and animal behavior. A biological science degree might be more favorable for that role.

Hands-On Experience Is a Valuable Addition to Your Resume

Very few warden positions expressly require any sort of prior experience, but almost all of them prize candidates who have already honed their skills in a similar or related position.

Candidates with prior law enforcement experience almost always have a leg up on the competition. Some agencies, such as Washington state’s Department of Fish and Wildlife, give sworn officers from other departments the opportunity for lateral entry to game warden jobs.

Experience can also substitute for education at some agencies. USFWS Wildlife Officers, can substitute one year of experience in law enforcement or natural resource management for a four-year degree requirement.

From the environmental angle, experience as a conservation resource planner or other wildlife management position also looks pretty good on your resume. Experience as a park ranger, fishery or forestry technician, or environmental scientist will quickly bring an application to the top of the stack.

It’s not always feasible or desirable to go into a completely different career path before applying for a game warden job, though. But many candidates find a way to stand out by volunteering to work at wildlife refuges or conservation areas long before putting in their application.

USFWS has a page with internship, volunteer, and entry level opportunities available. These positions are available nationwide and with the manpower and budget restrictions in place on the agency, some offer genuine hands-on experience that would previously have been undertaken by paid staff.

Many state agencies and non-profit environmental organizations are also starved for volunteers. VolunteerMatch is a website that includes many of these opportunities around the country.

In general, any position that demonstrates the sort of skills required of an active warden will find favor with hiring committees. In general, any position that may have helped you develop or improve communication, observation and leadership skills would be helpful:

Game Warden Examination and Selection Process

Most states have a multi-step testing and interview process to select new hires for game warden positions. However, the exact steps required vary from state to state, and even states that use the same process may perform it in a different order. Consult your local agencies for details.

Find a Degree to Get Started on Your Career Path

Each state can have different requirements for becoming a game warden. Get information on requirements and programs by clicking on your state.


Applying for a game warden position can be as simple as filling out a form or as complicated as taking a public service examination depending on the agency.

In states like California and Wyoming, you will take a competitive examination after filing your application. California and some other states use the exam results to establish an eligibility list for potential hires. As positions come open, they interview candidates off the list and proceed with the hiring process at that point.

Other states, like New Jersey, may not test at all and only interview when positions are open.

Many states no longer accept applications outside very narrow windows, and sometimes years pass before they make a hire from the current eligibility list.


In states that use civil service tests, the test typically covers topics like:

  • Law enforcement
  • Local wildlife regulations
  • Environmental science
  • Conservation processes

Most states will provide detailed information about the test topics ahead of time and some may offer study guides to help you prepare.

Because the job is often arduous and can involve physical tasks ranging from corralling wild goats to taking down poaching suspects, states usually administer physical fitness tests. You will probably have to pass a medical and psychological examination as well.

Background Check

Game warden positions are law enforcement jobs, and every agency has high moral and conduct standards for applicants. You will have to submit to a full background investigation and will be disqualified if you have:

  • Ever been convicted of a felony
  • Fail to pass a drug test
  • A history of instability or poor decision making
  • Significant financial difficulties

The full list of requirements is generally identical to state Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) restrictions.


If you pass the qualifying tests and background check, you will typically receive a provisional job offer contingent on passing a series of training schools.

State wardens will almost always attend a state law enforcement training academy, undergoing the same program as other police recruits. Federal hires will attend the FLETC (Federal Law Enforcement Training Center) in Glynco, Georgia for 17 weeks of basic police training.

Some agencies, like Maine’s Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, offer a Warden Service Academy as an alternative to generic police training. The instruction will incorporate the same basic aspects of law enforcement work, but focuses on the specific environment unique to wardens.

Where no game warden academy that combines law enforcement and natural resources training is available, agencies typically put candidates through another and more specific training program focusing on fish and game management and resource conservation. At the federal level, for example, after leaving FLETC officers attend the National Conservation Training Center in West Virginia for advanced wildlife officer training.

Supervised Field Service

After graduating from law enforcement academy and other specific training programs, new game wardens will work under experienced senior officers for up to a year. These mentors will provide practical, in-the-field instruction. Wardens may rotate through a number of areas in their state or region during this time to learn about the different wildlife and environments. A federal game warden will go through a 44-week training and evaluation program.

Some game wardens may elect or may be required to take specialized training such as aircraft/boat operations, survival training, and SCUBA training depending on their duties and location.

New wardens are usually still under evaluation during this extended period of supervised field experience. Any issues that cannot be corrected by training officers will result in dismissal.

Once the probationary period is up, game wardens take on their own responsibilities in individual assignments… the realization of a long-held dream.

State Agencies


Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources

64 N. Union Street
Montgomery, Alabama 36130

Alaska Department of Public Safety

5700 E Tudor Road
Anchorage, AK 99507

Arizona Game and Fish Department

5000 W. Carefree Highway
Phoenix, AZ 85086-5000

Arkansas Game and Fish Commission

2 Natural Resources Dr.
Little Rock, AR 72205

California Department of Fish and Wildlife

1416 9th Street, 12th Floor
Sacramento, CA 95814

Colorado Parks and Wildlife

1313 Sherman Street, 6th Floor
Denver, CO  80203

Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection

79 Elm Street
Hartford, CT 06106-5127

Delaware Division of Fish and Wildlife

89 Kings Highway
Dover, DE 19901

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission

Farris Bryant Building
620 S. Meridian Street
Tallahassee, FL 32399-1600

Georgia Department of Natural Resources- Wildlife Resources Division

2070 U.S. Hwy. 278, SE
Social Circle, GA 30025

Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources- Division of Forestry and Wildlife

Kalanimoku Building
1151 Punchbowl St. Room 325
Honolulu, HI 96813

Idaho Department of Fish and Game

600 S. Walnut
Boise, ID 83712

Illinois Department of Natural Resources

One Natural Resources Way
Springfield, IL 62702-1271

Indiana Department of Natural Resources- Division of Fish and Wildlife

Division of Fish and Wildlife
Indiana Department of Natural Resources
402 W. Washington St. RM W273
Indianapolis, IN 46204

Iowa Department of Natural Resources

Iowa DNR Headquarters
Wallace State Office Building
502 East 9th Street, 4th Floor
Des Moines, IA 50319-0034

Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism

512 SE 25th Avenue
Pratt, KS 67124

Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources

#1 Sportsman's Lane
Frankfort, KY 40601

Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries

2000 Quail Drive
Baton Rouge, LA 70808

Maine Department of Inland Fisheries & Wildlife

284 State Street
Augusta, ME 04333-0041

Maryland Department of Natural Resources

580 Taylor Street
Annapolis, MD 21401

Massachusetts Department of Fish and Game

251 Causeway St, Suite 400
Boston, MA. 02114-2152

Michigan Department of Natural Resources

P.O. Box 30444
Lansing MI 48909-7944

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040

Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, & Parks

1505 Eastover Drive
Jackson, MS 39211

Missouri Department of Conservation

2901 W. Truman Blvd.
Jefferson City, MO 65109

Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks

1420 East Sixth Avenue
P.O. Box 200701
Helena, MT 59620-0701

Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

2200 N. 33rd St.
Lincoln, NE 68503

Nevada Department of Wildlife

1100 Valley Road
Reno, NV 89512

New Hampshire Fish and Game Department

11 Hazen Drive
Concord, NH 03301

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection- Division of Fish and Wildlife

P.O. Box 402
Trenton, NJ 08625-0402

New Mexico Department of Game and Fish

1 Wildlife Way
Santa Fe, NM 87507

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation- Division of Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources

625 Broadway
Albany, NY 12233-4751

North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission

1751 Varsity Drive
Raleigh, NC 27606

North Dakota Game and Fish Department

100 N. Bismarck Expressway
Bismarck, ND 58501-5095

Ohio Department of Natural Resources- Division of Wildlife

2045 Morse Road
Building G
Columbus, Ohio 43229

Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation

1801 N Lincoln Boulevard
Oklahoma City, OK 73105

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

4034 Fairview Industrial Drive SE
Salem, OR 97302

Pennsylvania Game Commission- State Wildlife Management Agency

2001 Elmerton Avenue
Harrisburg Pennsylvania 17110-9797

Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management- Division of Fish and Wildlife

235 Promenade Street
Providence, RI 02908-5767

South Carolina Department of Natural Resources

Rembert C. Dennis Building
1000 Assembly Street
Columbia, SC 29201

South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks

523 East Capitol Avenue
Pierre, SD 57501

Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency

440 Hogan Rd.
Nashville, TN 37220

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

4200 Smith School Road
Austin, TX 78744

Utah Division of Wildlife Resources

1594 W North Temple, Suite 2110
Box 146301
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-6301

Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department

1 National Life Drive, Davis 2
Montpelier, VT 05620-3702

Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries

4010 West Broad Street
P.O. Box 11104
Richmond, Virginia 23230

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Natural Resources Building
1111 Washington St. SE
Olympia, WA 98501

West Virginia Division of Natural Resources

Building 74
324 Fourth Ave
South Charleston, WV 25303

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

101 S Webster Street
P.O. Box 7921
Madison WI 53707-7921

Wyoming Game and Fish Department

5400 Bishop Blvd.
Cheyenne, WY 82006